An overview of the Chisumbanje Green Fuel ethanol project

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Having woken up at 3am to make the trip to Chisumbanje and Middle Sabi, we arrived at about 10am courtesy of our host- Lilian Muungani (Green Fuel’s communications manager) who led the way in her bakkie. After snaking through numerous twists and turns (including ‘crossing’ the historic Birchenough Bridge) we eventually descended on an endless carpet of Sugarcane. This was the perfect arrival, much like reaching an oasis in a desert as this part of Zimbabwe’s lowveld is semi-arid.


Without wasting time, we got into the business of the day by sitting down for breakfast at the Middle Sabi guest lodge.  Middle Sabi is the ‘smaller’ of the two plantations and is approximately 10 000 Hectares in size. Chisumbanje; the larger of the two and the operations base for Green Fuel is approximately 40 000 Hectares.

Soon after recharging on breakfast, we set off for Chisumbanje which besides being huge is also the site for the Ethanol processing plant. I remember sharing a light moment with Lilian and Limbikani on how the Ethanol plant looked like a NASA launch pad or something of that sort. It truly was an eyeful as we drove closer and closer to it.

ethanol-plantThe first impression l got upon arriving at the plant was of being stationed at an army base as it really was all serious business. Over a thousand construction workers busily going about their duties while Lillian showed us around. I can’t remember how many times my eyes nearly popped out in awe; Zimbabwe hasn’t had an investment of this magnitude in over a decade.


According to the ever cheerful Lillian; Green Fuel’s ethanol plant is not just a result of serious investment but also one of leveraging on internationally accepted standards. An example of this can be found in the handful of Brazilians we saw around the plant and at the guest lodge. Brazil is the world’s largest Ethanol (from sugarcane) producer in the world and has totally done away with dependency on petroleum.  Green Fuel is working with the very best to build its business, for the benefit of not just Chisumbanje but the nation.

After failing to steal time away from the plant manager or Graeme Smith (the General Manager) before their lunch break, we proceeded to make sense of the plant with ‘Lilz’ as our “interpreter”.  The Ethanol plant is built right on the sugarcane estate. Lilian began by pointing out a couple of facts to us:

  • Green Fuel began working on the project in 2009
  • The plant is the biggest of its kind on the continent
  • Over 9 000 workers will be employed by the company (directly and indirectly)
  • 10% of the land has been SET aside and irrigated for locals in the community (4000 Hectares)
  • Approximately 100 million liters of ethanol will be produced by late 2012 (enough to supplement 50% of Zimbabwe’s petroleum needs)
  • Only petroleum vehicles can run on ethanol blended fuel
  • 18 Mega Watts of power will be generated as a by product and supplied into the national grid (according to Graeme this is enough to power 30 000 households)
  • At peak, 50 Mega Watts of electricity will be generated
  • Vehicles manufactured after 2005 can run on 100% Ethanol
  • Ethanol is a carbon neutral fuel and a major renewable energy option around the world (Biofuel)
  • A project of this nature normally takes 5 years to build; Green Fuel initially set themselves a target of 18 months
  • Construction work at the plant goes on for 24 hours (with a work shift in between)
Chisumbanje Ethanol Plant bagasse

Bagasse will be used to generate electricity for the plant, the surrounding community, and will feed into the national power grid

All these facts coming at once were quite overwhelming as we moved around the plant. The watering system the plantation uses pumps water directly from the Save River, from there on it goes into water reservoirs which then distribute to canals running through the plantation and a backup water storage facility.

As lunchtime approached, we finally got to sit down with Graeme and discussed the finer details of the project. By the end of this year over US$220 million will have been invested in the project, it is on track to become the biggest agricultural project ever witnessed locally. For techies wondering where the gizmos are; Graeme spoke of “advanced farming technology” which in a nutshell involves using GPS (Global Positioning System) mapping together with the other systems to optimize agric processes.

Furthermore, Graeme spoke highly of the continent’s wide open opportunity to become the world leader in renewable energy. Africa currently contributes 4% of carbon emissions but will suffer the most from its consequences, it is thus fitting for the continent to use is vast swaths of land and resources to produce sustainable power solutions. Without this, the continent’s ability to grow its economic potential will be very difficult as dependency on oil has caused widespread pain and suffering all over the world. Africa is well position to lead the green movement.

After an hour long interview with Graeme we proceeded to find a good internet connection to upload pictures. For more information on Green Fuel, a podcast of the interview will be posted later today. A picture album can also be found on the Techzim Facebook page.


  1. Anonymous says:

    Wow… nyc!

  2. Lovemorehama says:

    gud stuff. they have given me the kick i wanted to do for my home area

  3. Anonymous says:

    Actually i withdraw my earlier comment, these guys are actually NOT green, they dofuckool about social responsibility or environmental responsibility besides claims of employement for locals which possibly are being paid peanuts. They are taking villagers lands and digging up graveyards etc.

  4. Anonymous says:

    These guys are NOT green @all, they raised the ire of villagers by digging up graves to make way for their expansion, is that social or corporate responsibility? They talk of giving jobs to the community, but exactly how many jobs and how much is each member of the community earning? we need these facts so we can see the real value they are ploughing back into the community else its just stats that are empty. Mr editor, we need fair coverage of issues. Do not be used by Green fuel for their publicity. They take you to hotels @ the expense of villagers who are supposed to be long term beneficiaries. Lets have responsible journalism.

    1. Anonymous says:

      Hie Muzukuru, we appreciate the fact that you have aired out your opinion. Our experience was exactly as we put it. If you have any concerns l suggest getting in touch with the company’s Harare office and possibly touring the place .

      1. Anonymous says:

        Mr Editor /Clinton, i would like to believe that when you write your articles, your write well researched articles so that we your readers are well informed. My ire with your article is the lack of research especially on the social impact and environmental impact of such a project of which any reader would be intrested in knowing. The picture your article paints is that its all rosy in Chisumbanje. I say NO, strive to give the correct picture when you are reporting on these issues. Referring me to their offices does not justify your writing a unbalanced article. I have a problem with your unless you are saying they wrote this article for you guys and all you did was rubber stamp. When you write such unbalanced articles you make it hard for us to believe you are independent, are you being paid to write about Green Fuel? Are you being used by companies as a marketing vehicle? We need to know that the articles you guys are writing are well balanced and researched articles which leaves us consumers well informed!

  5. Hon Ngole says:

    …while poor school children need a room to continue learning.

  6. Mduduzi Moyo says:

    Please help me get a way into touring the plant. I am trying to get in touch with the people on the ground but most of them seem to be too too busy.

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