Zimbabwe’s central bank has made it hard for me to write of them in any positive light in a very long time. In recent weeks they have issued unilateral decisions that limit how we can use our own money.
The central bank is so fixated on imposing limits on how much can be transected that it is now near ridiculous. The monthly limit for mobile money transactions (which constitutes 80% plus of consumer payments) is ZW$10,000-ZW$250,000 depending on some conditions like whether or not your mobile wallet is linked to a bank account.
Monthly limit for ZIPIT (another popular consumer payments channel) is now arbitrarily ZW$100,000 (USD4,000 according to an imposed official rate or less than USD1,500 according to a truer market determined rate that they call the parallel market).
Browsing around for TV sets to buy shows you that there are some options you cannot buy because you will instantly exceed your monthly limit. If you go for a cheaper option that falls within the monthly limit, it’s still a problem because it will chew up most of that monthly limit such that if you have to pay an emergency medical bill tomorrow you may not be able to.
The problem is even more complex. EcoCash is forced to impose limits on how much you can transact in a day. If you are not linked to a bank account your limit is ZW$5,000 (less than USD70). So, no you can’t buy a TV but hey a TV is not that important- how about essential medicines particularly in emergency situations? It’s a fitting hyperbole that the RBZ is a threat to your life.
These ridiculous limits and hoops are not limited to consumers but they have been extended to businesses as well. The so called ‘ease of doing business’ reforms have been shoved to the side and it’s now getting harder to do business. Transaction limits are just being imposed without care for the impact they have on the day to day operations of business. The smaller your business is, the worse your fate is due to the central bank measures.
A few days ago the Financial Intelligence Unit of the central bank told banks that companies and individuals are now allowed only two internal transfer transactions in a day. We don’t know what’s special about the number 2, all we know is that it is very limiting especially to a business.
Every Zimbabwean knows that the authorities are trying to solve the widespread informal trading of currency in the country. The important question is: is the informal trading of currency happening because transaction limits are too relaxed? We all know that the answer to that is an emphatic no and the authorities know it too.
I have discussed countless times before how the problem of the acute devaluation of local currency on the parallel market is an expression of the lack of trust Zimbabweans have in the government and central bank and any currency they issue. How about the very existence of the parallel market itself?
The Reserve Bank governor himself acknowledged that every country has a parallel market of sorts. In Zimbabwe though, the parallel market is not ‘of sorts,’ it is ‘the market.‘ This is because the government likes playing pretense and in the process rob the nation blind.
Ask any economist and they will tell you that an unstable exchange rate is a mere symptom of a rotting economy and a lack of trust. Instead of letting this symptom show, the powers that be would rather mask it. Every step towards liberalising the exchange rate and currency trading to let the market officially determine the rate has been followed by 10 steps backwards.
Last year, the central bank announced the re-introduction of the interbank foreign currency market which would then influence the exchange rate. The market was not fully liberal but still the local currency kept deteriorating in value against other currencies on the interbank market.
After promising that the interbank market would be made more liberal and not be interfered with by themselves, the monetary authorities then announced on the 26th of March that the official exchange rate between the USD and local currency would be 1:25 until further notice. This, they said was necessary in the fight against the COVID 19 pandemic! Catch the logic? Of course you can’t.
Faced with the reality of a deteriorating currency (a symptom), the authorities decided to outlaw the market and issue a decree on how much their issued currency is worth. It cannot work. No matter how much they keep squeezing, the market will keep speaking loudly – of course until the economy collapses entirely if they keep squeezing.
If the RBZ continues on this path, they will accelerate the eventual rejection of the local currency. This happened in Zimbabwe before. After slashing zeros countless times to make numbers relatable, the RBZ introduced a 10 trillion and 100 trillion Zimbabwean dollar note in 2008. The market immediately rejected those notes. Without seeking anyone’s approval or opinion, Zimbabweans just decided that those notes were not acceptable tender even though they had been issued as legal tender.
I was almost beat up for attempting to pay my transport fare (in an open truck) using the 10 trillion dollar note. This is a very true story which involved me being manhandled in a moving open truck and jumping off the moving truck. That’s how much the market rejected that currency.
As Mangudya and his boys and his superiors continue to limit how we can use the local currency, they are accelerating the deterioration of the value and eventually its total rejection by the market. It’s simple economics.
If the money you want to use to pay for my services will give me trouble when I want to spend it, you will have to pay more for my trouble. If the trouble gets to be too much, it will not be worth it for me to exchange my services for it and I will simply tell you to go and come back kana waane mari inotenga (when you have money that can buy).
I have lost hope that we will not reach those levels again. The government is committed to repeat the recent past
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