EcoCash blood in the water, who will take advantage?

Valentine Muhamba Avatar
Closed EcoCash Kiosk

The payments space is in for some very big changes. Some of these changes we may be able to see. Others we can speculate on and there are others that are beyond the horizon. EcoCash, which seemed almost like a utility, is about to be equalised. The levelling of the playing field hasn’t come because they were out-innovated. Regulatory oversight is what has finally put EcoCash on the same level as the rest of the players in the mobile money space.

I am sure we are all aware that the deadline for ZimSwitch assuming the role of the national switch is fast approaching (30 September 2020). What is apparent is that we will soon be able to send money across mobile money wallets and bank accounts. It will be true interoperability. That means that the exclusivity (or the monopoly) that EcoCash held is going to be eroded.

EcoCash’s loss of power is not just going to be due to the forthcoming mandatory connection to Zimswitch. Probably, the bigger and more immediate blow to EcoCash is the ridiculous daily limits placed on mobile money transactions by the regulator. The limits make EcoCash useless to as basic a transaction as buying a month’s household supplies for a standard household in Zimbabwe.

With all of this in mind, the question then becomes, what can all the other player in the payments space do? Who can take advantage of what seems like EcoCash’s demise? Now saying demise could be premature but, this feels a little bit like how Xerox progressively became less relevant. Or for those who don’t remember or haven’t encountered the story. How Nokia went from having a billion customers to being a footnote.

I know it might sound hyperbolic to compare EcoCash to companies like Xerox and Nokia. For us it was ubiquitous, and as I said before, was something of utility in its own right.

So who will take advantage?

The banks

Banking institutions have been the biggest beneficiaries of the regulatory changes. Anyone who wants to liquidate funds from EcoCash has to go through a Bank to do so. This has made EcoCash and other mobile money wallets nearly redundant to anyone who already has a bank account. Why would I move my money from the bank to a mobile wallet if I can use that money straight from the bank?

You and I are now better served by transacting through our banks because we aren’t limited to ZWL$5000 per day. The trouble with banks is that there is a whole song and dance before you can open an account. The process is time-consuming because of all the forms we have to fill out. There is also a waiting period before an account is finally opened.

However, there are some institutions who through independent innovation or seeing where payments are going, have streamlined this process. They have also made the process of opening an account something anyone can do from where ever they are.

FBC Bank

FBC really pulled something that looks at the moment to be the biggest move in the banking in Zim. They now allow anyone to open a full account through their USSD platform (*220#) and the FBC Bank app. Why this is exciting is because they have made it infinitely easier for anyone who relied on EcoCash to open an account.

I can testify to this because when the service launched I opened a local currency account. What this does is it allows those who were unbanked to be able to open an account without having to submit any doccumentation or fill in a form.

Beyond making the process a whole lot easier, it means that if you don’t have any bank branch in the area you can open an account. FBC has also, in my opinion, made the process a lot less daunting. There is no need to fret over which documents you’ll need or being sent back to get a document you may have forgotten or left behind. As we reported, when this service was launched, if this is given a comprehensive enough marketing strategy FBC will be able to eat up a significant portion of the market of those who relied on EcoCash.


BancABC was the first to launch a virtual banking platform. Branch X is a means to meet the challenges brought on by the coronavirus pandemic. Customers are now able to interact with their bank without having to leave their home. BancABC also availed a number of mobile phone-based customer service avenues. This, according to their mid-year financials, was able to net them 20 000 new customers per month over six months in 2020.

That figure was one I couldn’t quite wrap my head around when I first saw it. But looking at their Dial-a-Visa service which came with Branch X it’s sort of makes sense. Ordering a Visa card through Branch X and having it delivered to your home or office is a significant hook in my opinion.

The limitation of the service is that it’s a prepaid card, so to recharge it you will have to go to a physical branch, come on! But… at that point, you would already be part of their clientele. The service is really for clients who want to use foreign currency most likely online. That is to say, they may be able to get the most valuable customers in the market into the BancABC fold.

Mobile money

CABS Textacash

The most recent effort in this respect was CABS through Textacash. The service they offered was to allow anyone to receive money from a CABS account holder. At first, this seemed interesting but then when diving deeper, it didn’t quite make sense. As we reported the money that anyone receives through this facility requires the recipient to open a Textacash account.

It would just be simpler to just send money over EcoCash or a bank transfer. Also, the fees for this service makes the proposition unattractive for the CABS account holders.

The service is not a write off just yet; if they can introduce something that makes this service attractive to non-Textcash customers then they make a case for themselves. A reward programme or perhaps access to credit?


This may seem insignificant to some, but this offer was what made me open a OneMoney wallet. What I am going on about is the 20% discount that is on offer if you buy airtime through OneMoney. This I think is a step in the right direction. When true interoperability finally comes, and this offer is still on the table then I can see many more people seeing the value in OneMoney.


Zipit Smart

The biggest deal thus far, in my opinion, is Zipit Smart. This service will undoubtedly be the biggest mover depending on the rate and scale of adoption. The service solves problems traders and individuals are currently facing. The first problem is the one faced by small traders and businesses. Purchasing a Point of Sale – POS machine is quite the undertaking (yes even the low-cost options) and this meant that they all relied on EcoCash. Now that EcoCash transactions cannot go beyond about USD50 per customer per day, these traders need options.

Zipit has always been an option to receive payments. To those unaware, Zipit is a service offered by Zimbabwe’s card switching company, Zimswitch that allows any person with a bank account to effectively send money to any other bank account (and mobile wallet linked to Zimswitch) and the funds are received instantly. Zipit Smart is just a simple innovation on top of this service.

With Zipit Smart a mobile device is effectively a POS machine. Traders will get merchant codes similar to the ones that EcoCash offered making accepting Zipit payments a lot simpler for merchants. Zipit Smart means individuals buy through their bank accounts so that they won’t be restrained by the ZWL$5000 limit.

So from where I am seeing this from, it could be a case of plug and play. The transacting public is getting a platform that allows them to spend the amounts they choose. Traders get a facility that allows them to transact beyond EcoCash. Couple this with FBC’s service that allows anyone to open an account via USSD and Zipit Smart is looking very very attractive.

National switch

This is something we briefly touched on earlier. The regulatory directive that made ZimSwitch the national switch enters Zimswitch into a new class of transactions. The best way to describe this is by using this example. If you want to send money to someone via EcoCash and you don’t have the full amount. You would need to move money from your bank account to your EcoCash wallet and then send that money to the recipient’s EcoCash wallet.

Those steps didn’t include Zimswitch. Which means Zimswitch didn’t get anything for those transactions. When true interoperability arrives (Zimswitch becoming the national switch), you can do that transaction straight from your bank account to any EcoCash wallet or any other mobile money wallet. You and I will also be able to move money across all mobile money platforms.

Zimswitch will be the intermediary between all those transactions. EcoCash will no longer exist in its own sphere as before. It will now be apart of a system that has Zimswitch as a go-between, and Zimswitch will get something (through transaction fees) from all those transactions.

To conclude…

The deck is stacked against EcoCash. They will have to innovate in order to stay relevant. Players in the payments space have already made moves to stake their claim on what comes after the 30th of September. This does not mean in any way that the story has ended for EcoCash, not at all! They already have a very strong brand and the advantage of incumbency. The onus is on them to make sure they use these assets to their advantage by showing customers why they matter and why it’s worth it to move money from one’s bank account to EcoCash



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  1. Anonymous

    I think it all depends on which point you view this move of Killing Ecocash but i think

    Ecocash was well researched kuty itange ku operator

    Econet & our so called government hayas hondo yacho remember the Kwese TV war

    What i know is Econet will come back with something new and people will love it

    Remember the infrastructure sharing suggestions

    Kkk lets wait and See

  2. Ben McO’neal

    Econet has to challenge the 5k limit. With it in place, it’s dead. It’ll not work. Simple. 5k is just too little.

  3. John Kamhara

    Do not forget that econet and Steward Bank are, so to speak, one item. How about Cassava? I am sure they’ll soon come with something to take care of that and bring convenience. It might mean them having to work more onews Steward bank and take the systems and conveniences they had with ecoscash to Steward. I like econet’s approach of looking at bringing convenience to everybody .

  4. R.Zinhangs

    The only competitive advantage ecocash have is buying from all medium players, zvima tuckshop zvese nezvia small retaillers uses ecocash, they won’t take yr zipit & they dont have one money.

  5. Anonymous

    Lets get understanding, there will be players that will rise out of this, people always look for other options. I like what Mukuru is doing its like the World Remit of Africa. Aside to this anyways explained in two of these video…God does not do anything without revealing it. Stability is a must we need it things had gone bad. The well of Ecocash was dirty and evidently destroying things currency wise.
    They just need to innovate and not complain. As it is ecocash could have opened its API to eCommerce publicly and taken a chunk, durinf the pandemic (Paynow is not as user friendly) integrated with stores like wordpress, shopify, and oother shopping carts, they need to innovate, they enjoyed too much monopoly without long term strategy (Classic Nokia Story). Their Market share might drop however they will be forced to come up with new methods, and put pride aside. Zimswitch smart should be embraced and bring some competition.

    Ecocash/Masiyiwa prophecy:

    Its the beginning of stability prophecy:

  6. Victor

    When ever three is change it means death and the birth of the new, lets see who will die and what’s the new

  7. Jesu

    It’s easy for econet all ecocash lines should aotumatically open a steward bank account. Then use their infrastructure to choke all other players. Dig dirt on zipit or lobby it to be on the ofac list because I’m sure zipit is dirty somehow

  8. Bop Economist

    In as much as we agree with Techzim in this article we wait to see the success of the Ecocash alternatives or competitors. Financial inclusion is a mass market product that is mainly for the poor.
    We will be happy to see how the poor at the bottom of pyramid will respond to the bank offerings.

    With an appreciation that mobile money operators are now licensed and are now participants on the National Payments System as payments services providers will the $5000 limit still stand or it will be contested as a placing an unfair advantage on other NPS players at the disadvantage of some.

    There now seems to be a bias towards bank led models, we ask, What if EcoCash is transferred to Steward Bank and registered as a bank product.

  9. Cleophas Mashiri

    I think the writer and the readers are missing the bigger picture by looking at EcoCash vs others, as in looking at the trees without seeing the forest for the trees. They are all doomed to fail because they are all based on a fake currency, Zim Dollar, or is RTGS, or is Bond or a pyramid currency. And use of USD dollar is a problem because its not sustainable in the long term, and all those advocating its use are guilty of idiotic and myopic reasoning. What is required is an independent central bank, and one that restricts its self to a narrow purpose, monetary policy, rather than one that is all over the place and operates as pyramid scheme. I think elementary and practical economic literacy don’t seem to exist since Rhodesians left, may be they should come back, may we should go back to Salisbury. Did we grab the land/country minus the intellectual know-how, we ought to have grabbed the know-how, its far much more valuable than the land by far.

  10. Sipho

    Ecocash can resort back to its core business,mobile sending and receiving money services. Only this time it will be US$, there is a great market for this service,Zim has a lot of US$ in circulation and its in the hands of the common man who will not bank the currency.

    1. Anonymous

      Very true

  11. Jesus

    Ecocash solved a lot of problems that is why it succeeded but zipit is taking value which if how the mafia operated in the US by the likes of lucky luciano and company. In my humble opinion zipit is undermining human rights so they deserve to be on the sanctions list. If strive masiiwa lobby them to be on the opac list it will be a stroke of genius. And obviously the owners have huge amount of dirt and most probably they got their capital from stealing zimbabwean tax payers money when they created zipit.

  12. Maxwell Christian

    What made Ecocash stink in the eyes of the market is its monopolistic or dominant market position abuse tendencies and its stubbornness in its heyday and in some cases even to this day. The bubble of stubbornness had to be burs-ted somehow, even if it meant by regulatory intervention! Remember the high charges that Econet charges! Remember when it forced suppliers to reduce their prices in order to be kept on their approved suppliers list. Remember Econet was one of the first companies that forced employees to take salary cuts well before the Zuva vs. Don Nyamande & Another Supreme Court judgment?

    Remember when Econet initially refused to let banks use its USSD platform about 5 years ago and when the banking sector threatened not to interact with Steward Bank or delist Steward Bank from Zimswitch? Remember also, when Econet initially barred its Ecocash Agents from doubling both as Ecocash and Telecash Agents and RBZ had to intervene? Remember how difficult it was or even is to get your deducted funds refunded when trying to purchase something and the funds did not reach the Merchant but were deducted off your wallet and you had to go and join endless ques at one of the Econet Shops and probably if in Harare you were referred to another Branch after standing in the que for a while? Ecocash seems to have taken in more subscribers than the system could manage and hence the congestion challenges of funds being deducted but not reaching the Merchant or any other recipient by way of a notification message and both of you had to request for balance with Ecocash making more money from balance inquiries? Remember that this became even more worse after their November / December 2019 so-called upgrade?

    Remember, you can only pay for Ecosure via Ecocah only and be paid for Ecosure in the event of death of the assured via Ecosure only? Why can’t one pay Ecosure using non Ecocash methods and why can’t one be paid the Ecosure sum assured to a destination other than Ecocash? These are examples of monopolistic tendencies or dominant market position abuse tactics, I referred to earlier on! Also remember that Ecosure doesn’t mature and one pays for Ecosure for a lifetime? That doesn’t sound fair to me!

    Remember late last year or earlier this year, when their was a huge outcry about Ecocash Agents selling cash and Econet stubbornly or with intellectual dishonesty said, it wasn’t possible to disable the Agent mode facility without shutting the whole Ecocash System? We cannot have a private company which potentially controlled more than 50% of funds that oiled the Zimbabwean Economy and was stubbornly calling the shots. So how did Econet manage to disable the Agent facility and Merchant to Merchant facility following the RBZ directive of about late June or early July?

  13. Masvingo Zimuto

    Taking over by force rather than by being innovative will never succeed. You must be very innovative to dominate the market.

  14. Leo

    I think the first innovation of opening account using USSD came from those guys #Cassava for Steward Bank *236#

    1. Juno

      It did

  15. Taff

    With the inception of Zimswitch, Ecocash is practically somewhat dead, people just don’t want to accept it, their clientele base that has bank accounts will practically stop using it altogether…

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