Why the reasons for banning second-hand cars make no sense

Valentine Muhamba Avatar
second hand vehicles 10 years license, second hand car ban ZIMRA

Towards the end of last year, Minister for Finance Prof. Mthuli Ncube effectively banned the importation of second-hand cars that are over 10 years old. This ban came by way of striking pre-owned cars from the Open General Import Licence. Minister Mthuli Ncube’s reasons for this action were that Zimbabweans had spent US$1.3 billion on the importation of buses, light commercial vehicles and passenger cars from 2015 to September 2020 as well:

“This is despite the existence of capacity by the local motor industry to assemble the above-mentioned range of motor vehicles”

“Furthermore, due to lack of effective standards and regulation, unroadworthy vehicles, which, in some instances fail to meet environmental and safety standards, find their way onto the market. In line with the National Development Strategy 1, which underscores value addition, I propose to remove second-hand motor vehicles aged 10 years and above, from the date of manufacture at the time of importation, from the Open General Import Licence.”

via The Herald

The import license provision is a poorly disguised ban

When anything is placed under a license it effectively prohibits its widespread use or practice. In some cases this makes sense, for example, it requires a license and many years of education to practice medicine. This is of course necessary because you wouldn’t want everyone and their great uncle operating delicate and complex procedures that take years of practice and understanding to master.

The operation of vehicles, likewise, has a license. It is admittedly a lower one to attain than that of a medical practitioner’s permit, but it assures that anyone on the roads went through a standardised test to certify them to operate a vehicle of a specific class or a number of classes.

However, if you have witnessed some of the driving on the roads you’d be quickly persuaded to think they were handing out that certificate of competence at the VID.

That aside the purchase of a vehicle is something that shouldn’t require a special license whether you are a certified driver or not. Importing a vehicle more so because you already went through the song and dance of charges as well as the insanely high duty in order to get it in.

The government already collects its cut when you import a vehicle of whatever age. Of that US$1.3 billion spent between 2015 and 2020 the taxman got his cut and the govt coffers were filled .Why then prohibit people from bringing in which ever vehicle they choose?

Well… let’s take a look at the reasons Prof. Mthuli Ncube gave.

Zimbabweans spent US$1.3 Billion 2015 – 2020

Instead of complaining that Zimbabweans have spent so much on importing vehicles. The Minister should have asked why are Zimbabweans spending so much on second-hand cars.

The reasons for this are pretty simple. If you want to buy a vehicle locally brand new, the cost to do that is astronomical in respect to the dwindling buying power and earnings Zimbabweans endure.

Buying a car second-hand in Zimbabwe, on the other hand, is mired in a number of complexities which include:

  1. You will very rarely come across a vehicle with a comprehensive service history. If you buy a used car locally you are pretty much playing Russian Roulette with which part is going to fail and when.
  2. Local car dealers and private sellers price used cars as though they are coming out of the showroom even though they might be a decade old.
  3. Very few have as the Americans call it a “clean title”. Changing the ownership of a vehicle is far less important than holding the book itself.
  4. Stolen vehicles are often sold to unsuspecting marks who aren’t familiar with the due diligence when making a purchase

I am sure there are some I have left out but these issues make the BeForward route a far more stress-free avenue. If you import a Toyota Corrolla C110 (produced 1995 to 2005) from Japan you are cutting out a lot of those issues.

On top of that those cars were built to withstand a lot and need the odd change of timing belt, fluids and suspension components every so often. Also getting one from Japan you know it has been well used but on very forgiving road surfaces.

Banning the importation of such a vehicle without assessing the advantages they offer to the common man/woman makes no sense in my mind. Now there are those who will chime in and say well “what about the local car assembly industry?” Well…

Most goods produced in Zimbabwe are expensive…

We all want the local motor assembly industry to do well. It was one of the pillars that the good old Zimbabwe relied on when things were going well. However, these days most things that are made in Zimbabwe are pretty pricey compared to the imported alternative.

An interesting example of this was tweeted out by journalist Hopewell Chin’ono this morning.


There are cheaper alternatives like Willards Spuds and Willards Cringle Cut which are priced along the same lines as the Zambian alternative (ZWL$130.00, Chompkins are priced at ZWL$160.00). But to make locally produced goods competitive they have to be priced to entice the buyer.

Another example is my search for a garden chair set (don’t ask). Like most who want to support our local businesses, I was shocked when I enquired about the price of a single fold up chair set and was told they are US$20.00 a chair.

Twenty US dollars apiece for what looked like a set of chairs that were constructed from a couple of 2x4s and some screws. My first reaction was to look online for any cheaper alternatives or to just go down to the industrial district and purchase the raw materials myself and turn the whole affair into a team-building exercise with my old man.

The local car assembly industry is going to be operating on the same ridiculous margins. That’s if the industry returns to operating anywhere near the demand for vehicles. In February there was still talk of “reviving” the local car assembly industry but when the second-hand car ban was first announced last year the Minister for Finance seemed to assert that the industry is already there.

To make matters worse there have been no signs of financial institutions making the move to add financing options for Zimbabweans who want to buy locally assembled cars.

In December last year, Willovale Motor Industry chairperson Ben Khumalo lauded the 10 year second-hand car ban but said:

“Government is right in bringing the policy framework but there are issues which need to be sorted out which include the cost aspect because we need to create a market that can easily have access to the local models by allowing financial institutions to play a role in the whole value chain”

via AllAfrica

Without financing options to make the local industry competitive, it makes no sense to create friction through the Import Licence for those who can afford something second-hand, duty and all.

If the financing options do arrive, then they will have to sensitive to the nature of incomes in Zimbabwe. Without this many will just save up hard currency and buy the allowed vehicles second-hand from other markets.

Roadworthiness of second-hand cars

To this, I ask “Are Zimbabwe’s roads vehicle worthy?”. Of course, they are not, you’d be hard-pressed to find anyone who hasn’t had to swerve or been jolted when encountering a pothole camouflaged by the shade of a tree.

The state of the nation’s roads currently has a score of 2.8 on the Global Economy’s Survey. You’d expect any other country to address the state of the roads before banning the importation of any vehicle that uses them. If roadworthiness was so important then the government would have continued exploring the British Ministry of Transport test (MOT Test) copycat they were toying with back in 2017.

The MOT (in Britain) is there for vehicles 3 years and older to ensure that those vehicles are being maintained to a certain standard. Back in 2017 parliament proposed such a test for private and public vehicles:

“As a committee, we are proposing that VID must inspect all motor vehicles in Zimbabwe, be they black on yellow plates or red on white plates which are private and public service vehicles. There are approximately 1,5 million vehicles that are on our roads and they have not been inspected, in fact, a good number of them have not been inspected with a view of reducing road carnage”

Dexter Nduna, then Chairman of the Portfolio Committee on Transport and Infrastructural Development (Sunday News)

The fee for this test was going to be $50, now it was 2017 so I am assuming it was in US dollars which is ridiculously high when it can be a nominal one of between US$5 -US$10. This will save motorists more money they could use to keeping their vehicles in working order.

A yearly vehicle test will also help maintain the resale value of cars. Like in Britain anyone in Zimbabwe should be able to check the “MOT” status of a vehicle before they make a purchase.

Furthermore, this money could be earmarked to help maintain the roads. But that is more of a wish than anything else because the degradation of the roads has continued while ZIMRA rakes in record sums from tollgates.

However there is a massive problem with the MOT test if it is applied to Zimbabwe.

The VID shouldn’t be the only place to get it

Shady things go on at the VID, and this is no secret. Making the VID the only place to get your “MOT Test” will expand the reach of that shadiness. If the government wants to implement this for second-hand cars older than 10 years, they will have to take inspiration from the British.

Anyone with a garage can apply to get MOT certification, provided they meet the requirements

suitable premises and approved equipment for the vehicle classes you want to test

an authorised examiner (AE)

The AE is an individual, partnership or company authorised by the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA). The AE is responsible for making sure that:

1. MOT tests are properly conducted

2. the test facilities and equipment are checked and well-maintained

3. MOT documents are correctly stored and access to electronic MOT test systems is only given to eligible users

4. The MOT testers are assessed correctly and complete training and assessments

5. DVSA staff have access to the premises for checks on staff and equipment

6. DVSA is informed about significant changes to the business within 7 working days

UK Government

There are a number of companies in Zimbabwe that have suitable premises to run the inspection and give out certifications. In this case (and many others) it shouldn’t be a case of the government issuing a mandate and only offering the service to satisfy it through its agencies.

This could be an opportunity to rope in the service centres and independently owned garages. If the government is so concerned with the local car assembly market, it should be equally concerned about the fortunes of those who repair cars locally.

In closing…

As much as I would wish for the government to rethink the ban on second-hand cars over ten years old. It’s unlikely to happen and if it does happen it will be well after the failures of the mandate.


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  1. X

    Honestly, we should be moving away from cars anyway. We should probably get this over and done with before we become a motorist hellscape and the carbon emissions catch up to us.

    1. Nancy Hat

      that would require massive investment and reform in public transport and infrastructure. I have to put on my Negative Nancy hat on this one and say I don’t see that coming any time soon.

  2. Dyson Dube

    Vehicles that are less than 10 years are still on warranty in Japan and most other source countries and owners have no incentive to sell, and if they do the price is very high for an average Zimbabwean buyer. Secondly there is no point in buying such “expensive” vehicle because it quickly deteriorates given the state of our roads.

    Compulsory pre-shipment inspection can preclude importation of unroadwothy vehicles.

    The Minister should have consulted widely before announcing the policy change.It seems there wasn’t even cross’ ministerial buy-in of this policy and another Ministry is now saddled with the added responsibility of issuing import certificates with no clear criteria announced.This creates a loophole for corruption.

    A similar policy,announced by the then Minister of Transport, that intended to ban importation of vehicles older than five years was abandoned in 2011 after heavy criticism.

    We make the same mistakes every decade !

  3. Anonymous

    The ministry adorned with permits is truly a loophole for corruption.Mthuli anorwadziwa kuti middle to lower class Zimbabweans can buy affordable cars whilst they are GIVEN cars by the State.

  4. Dilly

    Truth is – this is just another of the anti poor, exclusionary policies meant to promote the interests of a certain citizen ‘Class’
    So not just anyone should have a car, just as it was once said that not everyone including a tomato vendor should be asking for / using USD
    Classism is real and pervasive in Zim – so the options are, you have enough money to afford a newer model vehicle or you have the influence or wherewithal to obtain a license’ to import the older, more affordable model

  5. Atwabi

    Everything manufactured in Zimbabwe is generally expensive, for example drilling bore hall it cost you not less than $3000 whereas in other countries you drill and put pipes for the same amount.

  6. Imi vanhu musadaro

    The concern is not for the economy at all. If it was for the economy, government itself would procure locally assembled vehicles, but it doesn’t. You could buy 2 local police cars for each Benz/BMW vehicle. Instead they’d rather have a few German police cars and no police cars at most stations.

    The ministers who govern and set policy drive top of the range imported vehicles, none local. The MPs who represent us and guide policy also drive foreign built 4x4s. The policymakers can thus afford to buy local and don’t want to, but want the citizens who can’t afford to buy local to somehow do so.

    Despite being an “agricultural economy” we also don’t seem to manufacture/assemble tractors. Yet we have government being comfortable inking a deal to buy 1300 tractors from the American corporation John Deere (even though we are under “sanctions”) . This particular brand of tractor also traps its owner into exclusive and expensive repair obligations. Pumping money back into a country that forsakes you.

    In my opinion, this is possibly just another cronyist policy. Mr. X and Mr. Y will be the first to get import licences, then their companies will be the sole go to guys to import cars. As the importer, you’ll probably do the heavy lifting whilst they just collect your USD and rubber stamp you paperwork. Easy money.

  7. The Empress

    For Sale :10 year old Toyota Corolla sedan, Family car $2250/Highest Cash Offer: Contact Japhet Dube +263….
    For Sale :15 year old Toyota Corolla sedan, personal car driven by old woman, $2000/Highest Cash Offer: Contact Karen Smith phone +263….
    Look at those 2 ads which car do you think would get more calls, sell first and maybe for the higher cash price?

    If you said the first advert then congratulations👏👏🎉🎉…. You’re an idiot who should not be let out of the house without adult supervision 😞

    Any Zimbabwean who knows anything about cars or has basic self awareness would know to avoid the first car like the plague and would be fully prepared to sell their soul to devil for the second car.
    WHY? Let me break it down for you, my friend and whilst i do i will also teach you how to ADULT. 😏
    Ride it hard and put it away wet… This is the way most Zimbabwean drivers treat their cars.
    (1)The family car is the only car so it is the daily driver so all trips to work, grocery shopping, trips to the reserves to visit the ancestors etc etc. (2)This is all done while driving on the dust roads with patches of tar that our government nd City Councils call the road network. 😏😞. Potholes cause a lot of wear and tear

    (3)Sometimes the cars do not have even the most basic levels of maintenance done on them, this is sometimes due to not knowing/caring but is mostly due to lack of funds.
    If the choices are between eating or buying that can of gearbox oil. Guess which option most people will choose?
    (4)Add on the fact that the closest most cars will get to a full service at a proper garage (unless it’s a company car),is under a tree or backyard garage of the mechanic who has an Okay reputation for not stealing and replacing parts of the cars he repairs .This mechanic will most probably do repairs using cheap Chinese made parts because that’s all the owners budget allows for.
    The car in the first advert falls firmly in the categories mentioned above. So no matter how how neat it looks it, this car hides a lot of hidden faults from wear and tear, and defects(from chinese spare parts) that will require some very expensive repairs in a short while. The savy buyer can and will use this knowledge to push down the asking price.

    Bringing us to second car. This car is like that elusive and sought after shooting star, it can be looked for but is very rarely found. This type of car almost never comes on the market and once it does it is very quickly bought and usually at a premium.
    Why? Because all the reasons against buying the first car at a higher price do not apply to the second car.
    (1) Car is not used on a daily basis, maybe just for grocery shopping. And in some cases she is the ancestor so people visit her 😉😁
    (2)The car is driven more carefully on the road her body can’t take the jolts of hitting pothole at high speed so less wear and tear
    (3) This car is the second car in the family meaning funds are available for basic care and maintenance but since it’s driven less it will cost less. So meat is always on menu 😉😏
    (4)The owner could maybe afford to get full service at a reputable garage or since there is less wear and tear the only parts requiring replacement are relatively cheap.
    (5) Women drivers are safer drivers. This is a fact. So your opinion is stupid and doesn’t count. Worldwide Insurance companies regard women drivers as cheaper to insure they get into less accidents and old women drivers are nothing less than pure profit. This is good for the buyer because that neat appearance has a lower chance of being due to the careful application of body filler 😉😂

    But Zimbabwe has a limited supply of Smith’s but an almost unlimited supply of Dube’s selling cars. 😏
    The solution was to buy Ex Japan cars. Cars from Japan have various advantages.
    (1) In Japan the roads are well maintained so there is less wear and tear on the cars sold secondhand.
    (2)Unlike Zimbabwe driver’s licenses are not bought at Pick nd Pay or OKmart but require a drivers to take a proper test resulting in more careful drivers which helps on the wear and tear of the cars
    (3) The cars are manufactured by Japanese companies and also serviced by approved garages and since cars are usually fully serviced at least once in their lifetime of use whilst in Japan the risk of buying a car repaired with cheap Chinese knock offs is relatively low
    (4) Japan has very strict roadworthiness laws but Japan is also a rich country where most citizens buy their cars brand new they can also afford to maintain and service their cars. With the end result for most. Zimbabwean buyers getting a well maintained car
    (5) For example BeForward is relatively honest about the condition of the car being sold either implicitly through the price the is being sold at so the risk of getting a car that is held together by bodyfiller is low.
    (6) Aside from the price as compared to a brand new car from Willowvale motors in Zimbabwe, Ex Japan cars offer Variety! there is an almost overwhelming amount variety in make, model’s and colours. Compare that to Willowvale that seems to only supply 4 colours, 3 makes and only from only from some unknown Chinese company. WTF is a BAIC or an ASTOL anyways? 🤷🏾‍♂️

  8. Lewis

    Total madness to rush to ban the cars without first addressing the fundamentals

  9. Masimba

    Thought they would start by addressing the public transport system first, but alas, do they care!

  10. Time for change

    2023 is round the corner.lets use our voting rights to correct this anomaly. Hopefully it will be reversed soon
    As is the usual case poorly thought out policy that does even not provide alternatives besides paying.
    The local car industry is out of the reach of most of us. The public transport sector is in shambles. The road network with zero maintenance will be non existent in the future. We need new ideas. The amount of corruption this will generate is ridiculous
    They butcher up the deal for NRZ which could have decongested roads.

  11. Anonymous

    Good insights, and the follow up responses just as insightful and eye opening.

  12. Blue ridge

    Let them assemble Good affordable cars. Its only in zim where we buy cars cash

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