ZOL chases TelOne ADSL in its quest for growth & dominance

Nigel Gambanga Avatar
Zimbabwean internet, broadband in Zimbabwe

We recently wrote about the ad wars between two Zimbabwean internet providers; the State-owned TelOne and ZOL which is part of Liquid Telecom.

The two telecoms companies are out to mark their dominance in the local internet space and all-out marketing campaigns exemplified by campaigns like ZOL’s recent full page advert are enough to paint a picture of how intense this has been.

It’s not just total market domination that’s spurring the ad campaigns, though. The pursuit of growth plus the need to make the most of extensive infrastructure investments are enough to trigger diverse strategies and some cases of unusual promotion.

ZOL’s growth ambitions

For ZOL, which brought this rivalry to the public’s attention in the first place and just put it back into focus with an elaborate ad, it has a lot to do with its own hunger for growth that has been underpinned by an extensive fibre network (the largest in Zimbabwe) provided by its parent company, Liquid Telecom.

The return on the significant investment made towards this (which include more recently part of a $150 million fund secured by Liquid in its cross-continent fibre campaign) has to be met by active fibre connections that are delivered  by ZOL.

So how far has ZOL gone in delivering this and how much work does it intend to do?

At the start of the year, ZOL mentioned that it set a target of 100,000 Fibre subscribers by the end of 2016 a number which appeared to be very ambitious considering the subscriber totals and growth rates that ZOL had shared in 2015.

In early 2015 ZOL had 3,500 subscribers and it was signing on 80 new customers every week.

This was just after it introduced its more affordable Fibroniks suite which has also been expanded through the $29 Fibroniks Lite budget package, the introduction of Fibre in cities like Bulawayo plus high-density areas that weren’t Fibre to the Home catchment areas in the past, and, of course, the aggressive marketing drive.

Assuming that ZOL’s sign-on rate tripled to 240 new customers each week (which translates to 960 new customers a month) and it has been adding about 1,000 new customers each month, that would bring the number of new subscribers to approximately 22,000 since January 2015.

Add that to the 3,500 subscribers with a fair margin of error and you could assume that ZOL is sitting on 30,000 Fibre subscribers.

The number is nowhere near the 100,000 target so ZOL’s strategy has likely morphed into the chase of existing internet users tapped into a slower/weaker alternative (ie ADSL) and introducing them to its own “cheaper” alternative.

Is old tech like ADSL that big a deal, or a threat?

TelOne has approximately 76,000 ADSL subscribers a number that was supported by TelOne’s monopoly on fixed telecoms which left it as the only provider of ADSL services in the market.

ZOL, which has to figure out how to activate the fibre infrastructure that’s its parent company is laying all over the country, is pushing its fibre service (called Fibroniks) as a superior alternative to ADSL.

This is essentially an attempt to add this ADSL haul or a huge part of it to the ZOL family.

Fibre trumps ADSL. A faster connection with a better case for reliability that has a greater capacity is an easy pick here.

However, ZOL is facing obstacles that include the loyalty that TelOne has been cultivating among customers it managed to onboard onto its internet services (this was before ZOL became the mass market provider that it is fashioning itself as) as well as the impression of an expensive service that fibre has carried for years.

To be fair, ZOL has done quite a bit to address this. So far plays that seemed like they weren’t part of the ZOL/Econet family DNA like the provision of cheaper packages have been made.

Advertising, with all its ingenuity and ability to change the minds of the consumers – however loyal they are to ancient technology – is expected to do the heavy-lifting now.

Which explains those promotions (like the car giveaway through that orange envelope) and of course, shots at ADSL. They also satisfy ZOL’s need to exalt the superiority of its own product.

The effectiveness of this remains to be seen.

However, as subscribers are faced with increasing options for residential internet solutions it might help ZOL and anyone else vying for ADSL users or anyone else with a buck for going online, to focus on exceptional customer care and reliability.

These “outside factors” should actually be at the core of any attempt at differentiation.


  1. Gary

    When is ZOL going to target other towns? Places like KweKwe and Redcliff are starving for fibre. Zol will never meet its target if they sit in Hre, Byo and Vic falls only.

  2. Anonymous

    Funny enough the maximum speed that the ZOL fibre is carrying around in terms of internet traffic can be matched by ADSL –

    Copper with the right equipment can reach pleasant Speeds – ADSL could well take out Fibre seeing as there are already existing telephone lines the capital outlay is now only on the better equipment side

  3. Muzukuru

    ADSL2+ and ADSL2+M can reach great speeds. Their disadvantage is that their uploads speeds will of course be lower than fibre but given how ZOL shapes their networks they will be on par with ZOL’s fibre. Telone is just not implementing the right technologies.

  4. Tawanda Moyo

    Interesting. True that ZOL will struggle to catch up with ADSL which already has the infrastructure in place. Concerning speeds, however, is an entirely different issue. Fiber is much much more superior. In fact in terms of bandwidth a single cable is better than the entire RF spectrum. Add to that other issues like losses, interference and ADSL quickly gets left behind. But that’s all pedantic to be honest, because ADSL implemented correctly can reach acceptable speeds.

  5. Pleasantly happy

    For 42$ and 50gb I’m getting on average 3mbps…. I’ve had no problems in the past 12 months… The speed actually went up from 2mbps….i can’t see myself switching from telnone to any other provider… My brother in law used Zol for 3 months then switched back as well. I think the main problem is cost plus with a speed of 3mbps it’s more than enough for most users… Everything just works…

  6. Jahman

    Problem is the cost of signing up with zol I stay in Byo in Luveve those guys informed me they don’t have fibre lines and I had to buy some satellite /receiver for about $250 just to get the Internet signal. That is before we start talking about subscription. I simply walked out went to telone got Internet connected for a total cost of $89. Zol just chases away customers with their crazy setup costs. There’s no way they will take customers from telone wishful thinking

  7. Macd Chip

    They can advertise all they like and beat TelOne on that, but economic realites is never on Zol side.
    You can connect FTTH everywhere if you have unlimited pockets, which clearly Zol doesnt have to cover the whole country, that will be a massive investment which will take decades to recover cost. Investment like that needs assurance from government that they will support it come what may. But our goverment is always good at picking bad habbits, and Econet is always the target.
    With whats happening to MTN in Nigeria, someone in the goverment is already looking at how to whip Econet with that.

    TelOne is only lacking the desire to dominate the industry and the drive to collect numbers. They have the infrastructure countrywide through PSTN, they do not need to compete on speed, all they need is to make sure that they connect every town and most residents with cheaper adsl, everything else will fall into line.

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