US$100 mil EcoCash WhatsApp scam doesn’t make sense & here’s why

Valentine Muhamba Avatar
Ecocash merchant payment, computer shop, whatsapp scam, security

Earlier on we reported on the EcoCash WhatsApp scam that has, according to the police, lost Zimbabweans US$100 million and counting. Now when we looked over what was being reported a few things didn’t add up.

US$100 million over EcoCash?

According to The Herald, the Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) noted that over the last two months it received complaints of the EcoCash WhatsApp scam totalling the equivalent of US$100 million.

Now, I don’t know about you but that’s a lot of money to have been reported over the last two months even if the reports date back further. To put that figure into perspective that’s 4 times the amount that was traded at last week’s Forex Auction! This is for both the main and SMEs auction (US$25 250 768.95). US$100 million is also a tenth of what was remitted to Zimbabwe in 2020.

If we are to convert the US dollar total to ZWL$, at 1:100 as an example, results in ZWL$10 billion! Why I making those comparisons and conversions is because EcoCash has a ZWL$35000 transaction limit per week.

At the current weekly limit, the scammers would have needed to rip off roughly 300 000 EcoCash users at different times. If something like this had been happening (at this scale), I am pretty sure there wouldn’t have been more than the “several” complaints that the ZRP received.

Now, this isn’t to say that the scams weren’t happening, our sources at EcoCash confirmed the problem. However, both Econet and EcoCash, could not give an official comment or any details on the issue as it is an ongoing investigation.

You can only scam people for so long

Saying that the scammers would have needed to impersonate 300 000 people might sound as inflated as the US$100 million figure. However, there are only so many lies you can tell before you are found out.

I am sure that scammers know that a mark is only good for one maybe two tricks before they catch on to what is going on. Even if we account for the fact that they were operating this EcoCash scam in WhatsApp groups. It still doesn’t rule out that they would have needed a bunch of unique identities in order to garner the sum that was reported.

This raises the question, How were they able to get people’s lines to get on to their WhatsApp accounts and EcoCash wallets?

Well… it could have been through Sim replacements

As we reported earlier the criminals behind this were able to steal a person’s number and then ask for financial assistance or offer US dollars at an above market rate in the victim’s WhatsApp groups.

The only way you can hijack a person’s line to gain the access the scammers got is by replacing that person’s Sim card. Now, that’s not the easiest thing to do because for you to replace someone’s sim card you’ll need to have:

  • A police report, detailing that you have indeed lost the SIM.
  • Positive identification like your ID card or passport.
    • In the case of a corporate line, you’ll also need a signed letter on top of the other requirements.

Of all the things mentioned above the key to all of that is positive identification. As you are all aware by now, I am Techzim’s resident paranoid sceptic and the first thing that crossed my mind was Fake IDs.

Fraudulent identification cards aren’t only found in movies but are a real problem worldwide. Back in 2017, the Registrar’s Office was on the lookout for criminals who were printing fake IDs.

“The Registrar-General security got a tip off about criminals who are printing fake national identity documents and sought the assistance of the police to arrest the culprits,” 

Registrar General’s Office (via The Herald)

In this case, however, the scammers would have needed to have the correct ID number and the correct phone numbers to replace SIM cards.

The imposter’s photo would of course be there to give the Econet attendant visual identification so they can start the process. The police report step of the process would also need some sort of ID.

Now if the scammers were able to obtain the appropriate documents to get someone’s Sim card replaced the question now is…

Is there no digital ID on record that Econet & the ZRP can refer to?

If it is indeed a case of fake IDs then wouldn’t Econet and the ZPR on their part need to have a digital record or copy of an ID so they can begin the process?

Well on this we aren’t too sure but there is something that happened a while ago that could be the source of the problem. Late last year Econet opened up its SIM replacement services to its partner agencies and franchisees.

This meant that you didn’t have to go to an Econet shop to get your Sim card replaced. At the time this was a welcome development because the mobile network operator was trying to curb queues at its shops because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Although we have an extensive network of over 50 shops and franchisees across the country, for the convenience of our customers, our preferred customer service approach is to interface through digital channels and our self-care portals. One of the main drivers of traffic into our shops were sim-card replacements.

Our customers will soon be able to have a sim replacement at any of our partner agencies in addition to our shops, allowing for more service channels to be opened up.

However this measure sort of created a few problems. How much access did Econet give its partner agencies to its systems? Were the requirements for positive identification lowered? Could a simple visual of the ID and the corresponding ID number stored in the system be enough to replace a Sim card?

On the side of the ZRP, the case is the same. Are the Police verifying the IDs that they are processing to something on a digital or physical record?

Again these are things that we aren’t too sure about but if you’ve gone through this please process leave us a comment.

In closing

As you can see this whole WhatsApp EcoCash scam situation is a mess. There are far too many variables and a number of failure points that could have made this possible.

However what all of this reveals (at least to us) is that EcoCash isn’t alone in this. As previously mentioned the sum that is being talked about would have required the scammers a way of transacting outside the ZWL$35000 a week limit placed on EcoCash.

But this is after all an ongoing investigation and I am sure that we will hear more about this matter in the coming days or weeks.


  1. Bhuru GP

    Kudos. Veery well articulated. ZRP ikutinyepera iyi

  2. Chimuti

    Aaah Techzim waitwa nei vanhu varikuvarwa Mai especially team riya rechina things vanonzi ngatiitei group buying kana yemasolar equipment and the runner anovaudza pekuisa mari zvobva zvavharana

  3. Enzyme

    Do not forget that u can now do a ZIPIT to and from Ecocash. Police meant to say that electronic money is being stolen by these criminals and they loosely say Ecocash. If thieves steal your phone, they send requests of transfers to all your contacts via whatsapp and they make it so enticing, how many of your contacts would respond, a lot right (some, not just one). That’s how easily the money can run into millions. But funny how the police and ordinary Zimbos call e-money (transfers) Ecocash and always want to incriminate Ecocash /Econet when such things happen.

  4. King Todza

    Thanks Techzim. As a Maths and Shona guru myself, ZRP yangokanda mafigure kuvhundutsa vanhu. Ko vanhu vanovhunduka ka! I attended one Zoom meeting about a business proposal and the presenter kept on throwing numbers that didn’t add up to entice new members – it had a negative effect on me.

  5. Tsungayi Chikakatire

    You left out another requirement for sim replacement at Econet. They will ask you the 2 or 3 phone numbers you have recently dialled most and they will also ask you to give them the balance in your ecocash account, the last transaction you have made and to who have made the transaction, the type of transaction and the amount you transacted in that transaction.

  6. Victor

    I think this is an inside job within the MNOs, the only logical way to explain this is that Econet Agents (or a compromised agent account) are doing SIM replacement for target phone numbers (those in forex groups), immediately transfering the ecocash balance to their accounts, then loggin into WhatsApp (since they can receive OTP) then sending scam messages to replenish the account so they can further steal

  7. Guy Goma

    Zimbabweans just throw around figures. Remember 15 billion. This might also be used as a basis to draft Statutory Instruments to regulate Mobile Money Solutions and the Internet Privacy Bill.

    1. 🖤Bvumavaranda🖤

      Ooh yes you’re right. I hadn’t seen that one, it’s very possible

  8. Captain Jack Sparrow

    personally did a sim replacement from an agent (wemuroad pasi pemuti) wasnt even asked any 1 of the prerequisites just my phone number 🤪🤪🤪

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